One mouthful in three of the foods you eat directly or indirectly depends on pollination by honey bees. The value of honey bee pollination to U.S. agriculture is more than $14 billion annually, according to a Cornell University study. Crops from nuts to vegetables and as diverse as alfalfa, apple, cantaloupe, cranberry, pumpkin, and sunflower all require pollinating by honey bees.
For fruit and nut crops, pollination can be a grower’s only real chance to increase yield. The extent of pollination dictates the maximum number of fruits. Post-pollination inputs, whether growth regulators, pesticides, water, or fertilizer, are actually designed to prevent losses and preserve quality rather than increase yield.
When pollination is this important, farmers can’t depend on feral honey bees that happen to nest near crop fields. That’s why farmers contract with migratory beekeepers, who move millions of bee hives to fields each year just as crops flower. Pollinating California’s 420,000 acres of almond trees alone takes between 900,000 and 1 million honey bee colonies.
Louie Schwartzberg: The hidden beauty of pollination by TEDTalks vimeo.com/27328081 Pollination: it's vital to life on Earth, but largely unseen by the human eye. Filmmaker Louie Schwartzberg shows us the intricate world of pollen and pollinators with gorgeous high-speed images from his film "Wings of Life," inspired by the vanishing of one of nature's primary pollinators, the honeybee.
Pollinator Week has now grown to be an international celebration of the valuable ecosystem services provided by bees, birds, butterflies, bats and beetles. pollinator.org/pollinator_week_2011.htm
Pollinator Fun Facts
More than 200,000 animal species serve as pollinators. Most are insects — only about 1,000 are hummingbirds, bats, or other small mammals.
Flowers that rely on daytime pollinators are often brightly colored. Flowers that bloom at night are often more pale in color and instead emit sweet perfumes or other strong odors to attract moths, bats, and other nocturnal pollinators.
Bees come from wasps, evolutionally speaking. Actually, so do ants.
The flowers of the Saguaro cactus are open both day and night so that they can be pollinated by bees, bats, and birds. Their most efficient pollinator? The Western White-Winged Dove!
Pollen comes in many colors.
Most bees like warm areas, but there are bees that live in the Arctic and way up high in the Andes and Himalayas.
Migrating pollinators follow nectar corridors during their travel. Keep those flyways full of blooming flowers!
Some bees vibrate their flight muscles in order to knock pollen onto the stigma. Bumblebees do this for tomatoes, blueberries, and cranberries.
The number of pollinators in an area is a great indicator of the overall health of an ecosystem.
And perhaps most importantly,
All the world’s chocolate depends on midges, tiny two-winged flies, that pollinate the cacao flowers. If you love chocolate, thank a fly!
Of particular concern are those bats already on the endangered species list, including the Indiana bat, gray bat, Virginia big-eared bat and Ozark big-eared bat. Even the little brown bat, once one of the most common bats in North America, could be in trouble. A leading bat scientist says the little brown bat is “in imminent danger of extinction” in the Northeast because of white-nose syndrome.
Although its exact origins are unclear, there’s strong evidence that white-nose syndrome was originally transported from Europe, where the fungus exists but does not kill bats. White-nose syndrome was first discovered in North America in a cave frequently visited by people in upstate New York in February 2006. Because bats don't travel between Europe and North America, this provides compelling evidence that the fungus was introduced to the Northeast by cavers travelling between continents. www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/bat_crisis_white-nose_syndrome/index.html
Last Edit: Apr 10, 2015 4:24:34 GMT -8 by moabiter: duplicate image
Up To 6.7 Million Bats Dead From White-Nose Syndrome
Bucknell University Professor: White-nose Syndrome is ‘Unprecedented wildlife disaster.’ With 6.7 million bats already dead, scientists believe the fast-spreading disease called White-nose Syndrome could lead to the extinction of some species. Lewisburg, PA (PRWEB) April 10, 2012
“I was recently in a mine where I should’ve seen 10,000 or so bats. There were 150,” Reeder recalled. “We don’t know if the survivors have some immunity, or are lucky. If they’re just lucky, we’re in trouble.”
Robotic Bees to Pollinate Monsanto Crops April 8, 2013
But never worry, those real life pollinators—the birds and the bees, as they say—may soon be irrelevant to the food needs of civilization. Harvard roboticists are developing a solution to the crisis: swarms of tiny robot bees made of titanium and plastic that can pollinate those vast dystopian fields of GMO cash crops.
Bees Under Threat from Disease-Carrying Bumblebee Imports, Research Reveals July 18, 2013 — Stricter controls over bumblebee imports to the UK are urgently required to prevent diseases spreading to native bumblebees and honeybees, scientists have warned. The call follows the discovery of parasites in over three-quarters of imported bumblebee colonies they tested. The study - the first of its kind in the UK - is published today in the Journal of Applied Ecology. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130717212007.htm
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Sept 17, 2013 8:24:45 GMT -8
KS Chua: I noticed someone was waiting in the dark for me on my way home tonight. I believe someone is trying to kill me. -kok SeNg chUA
Nov 17, 2013 13:35:49 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: The perps used an acoustic device projecting noise and pretended tobe mafia hitmen and I broke a windshield to get in jail and be safe . I was surgically implanted in New York Long Island's Nassau County jail. Perps hate for you to yell and threaten them.
Dec 13, 2013 18:04:49 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: I have had probes surgically implanted and V2K and nobody helps me because these lowlifes pay everyone off or use counterintelligence to disinform the people who try to help me. The perps are Meriwether from Brunswick, Georgia U.S.A. and a Joe Moody
Dec 13, 2013 18:07:32 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: The money from the torture and murder that these rednecks are getting here in the United States is from the Dept. of Defense's Office off Ssience and Technolgy, the Dept. of Justice Office of Science and Tecnology, the Dept. of Commerce Office of Science
Dec 13, 2013 18:10:43 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: BIuS
Dec 13, 2013 18:11:19 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: dEPT. OF cOMMERCE oFFICE OF sCIENCE AND tECHNOLOGY
Dec 13, 2013 18:12:01 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: Senator Shelby a Republican from Alabama has appropriated Defense spending for victims to be violated inhumanely with probes that itch , burn, shock and some have Global Positioning Systems (GPS)from companies like Positive I.D..
Dec 13, 2013 18:15:47 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: Di HAVE BEEN A v2k VICTIM FOR 23 YEARS AND HAVE TRAVELED THE WORLD WOTH LOWLIFES THAT GET MONEY FOR RESEARCH IN THE FORM OF GRANTS FOLLOWING ME AND TELLING PEOPLE I AM, A COMMUNIST TERRORIST WITH ALQAIDA, HOMOSEXUAL THAT MUTILATES HIMSELF , HITMAN AN MAFIA
Dec 13, 2013 18:18:07 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: The United States Constitution is suppose to protect us citizens but in reality it is not woth the ink that it is written in unless you are a millionaire.
Dec 13, 2013 18:19:23 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: I will visit you the next time I am in England if you can get the V2K out of my head.You all need to form a V2K Victim Security Task Force and post security at the hospital generators , fire alarms, inside and outside the operating and recovery rooms.
Dec 13, 2013 18:22:51 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: In direct conflict with christian ideology I am an advocate of assasinating the doctors and their accomplices that implant victims involuntarily with V2K because I have been tortured for 23 years.
Dec 13, 2013 18:24:23 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: The lowlifes when they travel abroad get help from the U.S. State Dept. with diplomatic passports and they always try to get next to the [police with an offer to train them in neighborhood watch and vehicular surveillance and pursuit.
Dec 13, 2013 18:26:34 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: Please check out the book The COINTELPRO PAPERS for an understanding how the F.B.I. conducts counterintelligence operations. Can you help me get the V2K out of my head?
Dec 13, 2013 18:28:11 GMT -8