The exploitation of bituminous sands, also known as oil or tar sands, is the most rapidly expanding sector of the petroleum industry today. They consist of a sticky mixture of sand, clay, water and bitumen, a very viscous type of petroleum. Before it can be converted into a useable form, the bitumen has to be separated from the other constituents, usually by cleaning it with hot air, water, steam and solvents. If they are situated close to the surface, oil sands are typically strip-mined. For deeper deposits, the bitumen is liquefied in situ by the direct injection of steam into the ground.
Republic of Congo: In 2008, Eni, a large Italian energy company, signed a secretive deal with the government of the Republic of Congo to exploit oil sand deposits in the Tchikatanga and Tchikatanga-Makola areas about 70km from Pointe-Noire.
Madagascar: French oil major Total and Madagascar Oil are hoping to exploit two large oils sand deposits in the impoverished western Melaky region. One of them overlaps the Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve, a Unesco World Heritage site and an area of rich biodiversity, mangrove swamps and indigenous forest.
EPA Smacks State Department Again: Oil Sands Pipeline Analysis 'Insufficient' Thu Jun 9, 2011 8:16am EDT
WASHINGTON—EPA authorities are still far from satisfied with the State Department’s ongoing environmental review of a controversial 1,702-mile pipeline that would pump diluted bitumen from Alberta, Canada’s tar sands mines to Gulf Coast oil refineries.
The department’s second effort not only falls short by failing to fully address safety and oil spill risks along a less-than-satisfactory route of the proposed $7 billion Keystone XL pipeline, but it also misses the mark on calculating lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, potential damage to wetlands and migratory birds, and the dangers to at-risk communities along the six-state route, according to an Environmental Protection Agency document released Tuesday.
Top UN climate scientist calls oil sands a ‘fundamental mistake’ June 8, 2011 10:49 am
But the climate scientist didn’t hold back when the Tyee asked for his opinion on the Alberta government’s plan to control oil sands emissions with a $2 billion investment in carbon capture and storage technology.
“I think that’s sort of a side discussion which obviates the crucial problems,” he said. “I don’t think that’s a viable option.”
BONN, 13 Jun (IPS) - Canada was roundly criticised by other nations at a major U.N. climate meeting last week after being caught underreporting carbon emissions from its tar sands oil production facilities, one of the country's biggest and fastest growing sources of global warming gases.
"Average emissions for oil sands production and upgrading (well-to- pump) are estimated to be 3.2 to 4.5 times as carbon intensive as conventional crude produced in North America," concluded Mech's report, "A Comprehensive Guide to the Alberta Oil Sands".
The Kitimat Summit Lake (KSL) gas pipeline, also called the Pacific Trails Pipeline, is of emerging concern to Wet'suwet'en land defenders and local residents. If built, this pipeline would connect to an existing Westcoast Energy Pipeline at Summit Lake, near the geographical centre of BC, and cut west to Kitimat.
In February 2011, Vancouver-based Pacific Northern Gas sold its stake in the KSL project to the Houston-based Apache Corporation and EOG Resources (formerly Enron).
In early April 2011, Freda Huson, a spokesperson for the Unist'hot'en Clan of the Wet'suwet'en, received a letter from Pacific Trails Pipeline, indicating that the company planned to put drilling pads on the site of her family’s camp. A week later, Huson visited the location, the company having neglected to seek permission or prior consent from her clan as traditional land owners.
Melina Laboucan-Massimo, a member of the Lubicon Cree First Nation and a Climate and Energy Campaigner with Greenpeace, describes the impact of oil and gas developments and the recent oil spill in the traditional territory of the Lubicon Cree in northern Alberta. __________________________
2011 Montana Legislature Additional Bill Links PDF (with line numbers) HOUSE BILL NO. 549 INTRODUCED BY J. READ
A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: "AN ACT STATING MONTANA'S POSITION ON GLOBAL WARMING; AND PROVIDING AN IMMEDIATE EFFECTIVE DATE."
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
NEW SECTION. Section 1. Public policy concerning global warming. (1) The legislature finds that to ensure economic development in Montana and the appropriate management of Montana's natural resources it is necessary to adopt a public policy regarding global warming.
(2) The legislature finds: - global warming is beneficial to the welfare and business climate of Montana; reasonable amounts of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere have no verifiable impacts on the environment; and - global warming is a natural occurrence and human activity has not accelerated it.
(3) For the purposes of this section, "global warming " relates to an increase in the average temperature of the earths surface. It does not include a one-time, catastrophic release of carbon dioxide.
As background information, Joe Read assumed office on January 3, 2011 taking over from incumbent Frosty Calf Boss Ribs after defeating the Democrat candidate in a very close 1180 to 1108 vote split. Mr. Read is a 55 year old farmer and emergency firefighter who, apparently, did not consult any climate scientists before proposing his bill.
Sen. Sanders: Koch bros. ‘want to destroy Social Security’ Posted on 06.23.11
Seeing what he called “an enormous amount of disinformation about Social Security” in the media, Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) joined with activist filmmaker Robert Greenwald to produce a video that attempts to explains why.
Sanders claims that campaign contributions and hundreds of millions in think tank funding from billionaire industrialist brothers David and Charles Koch help create an “echo chamber” for “misinformation” on the hugely popular federal safety net, like suggesting it is about to go broke or claiming the retirement age must be raised in order to prevent economic collapse.
University of Nebraska study shows State Department review of Keystone XL pipeline deeply flawed
Tuesday, July 11, 2011
Today Dr. John Stansbury, a Professor of Environmental and Water Resources Engineering at the University of Nebraska, released a study of the worst case spill scenarios for TransCanada’s proposed Keystone XL tar sands pipeline. His study, the first independent analysis of the worst-case spill scenarios for the Keystone XL pipeline, cites significant flaws in TransCanada’s methodology for calculating both the frequency and severity of expected spills on Keystone XL. The study finds that Keystone XL will have more than eight times as many spills, take more than ten times as long to shut down in the event of a rupture and spill more than six times as much raw tar sands as TransCanada estimates. This is significant, as the State Department has relied on TransCanada’s projections to analyze the environmental impacts of Keystone XL. This study provides even more evidence that the environmental review for Keystone XL is deeply flawed and the proposed pipeline presents significant unaddressed safety risks.
Western ND pipeline proposal scaled back Posted Aug 05, 2011 @ 08:00 PM
BakkenLink Pipeline LLC was intended to carry up to 100,000 barrels of oil from oil truck unloading stations and a pipeline gathering system in three North Dakota counties to Baker, in southeastern Montana.
In Montana, the line was to link up to TransCanada Corp.'s proposed Keystone XL pipeline, a 1,700-mile project that is intended to deliver oil from Canada's Manitoba province to locations in Oklahoma and Texas.
The Keystone XL project has drawn opposition from environmental activists, and the U.S. State Department has ordered more time for public comment. State Department permission is needed for the project to go ahead, because the pipeline crosses the U.S. border.
North Dakota's Public Service Commission said Wednesday that BakkenLink now intends to build its pipeline to a rail loading station that is being developed near Fryburg, about 30 miles west of Dickinson in southwestern North Dakota.
A judge has temporarily halted a shipment of oversized equipment scheduled to pass through Montana on its way to the Kearl Oil Sands in Alberta, Canada.
A Montana District Court ruled the state's Department of Transportation failed to adequately assess the environmental impacts of moving the modules — some 200-feet long — along winding state highways, many of which would need to be modified to accommodate the haul. thisweekinearth.com/editions/2011_07_29/megaloads.html
Giant Alberta-bound oil-sands shipments stall in Idaho as opposition mounts Updated: Monday, December 06, 2010, 10:10 AM
The largest of the massive modules, built as pieces of an $8 billion project in Alberta's oil sands, are wide as two-lane highways, taller than freeway overpasses and two-thirds the length of football fields. Imperial planned to ship the behemoths to Vancouver, barge them upriver and unload them in Lewiston, Idaho...
But Imperial finds its initial 34 shipments stranded in Lewiston, lacking state highway permits to complete the U.S. portion of the trip and facing activist groups with names like Fighting Goliath and All Against the Haul. Environmentalists are seizing the chance to rally U.S. opposition to Alberta's oil sands, where miners wrest tarry deposits from sand and send about 780,000 barrels of petroleum a day to the United States. www.oregonlive.com/business/index.ssf/2010/12/giant_oil_field_equipment_crea.html
The rural people of highway 12 - July 19th - Missoula County Commissioners, National Wildlife Federation, Sierra Club-Montana, and the Montana Environmental Information Center and their attorneys won a preliminary injunction temporarily stopping further Montana Department of Transportation authorizations of Imperial/Exxon's proposed megaload transports along Highways 12, 93, I-90, 200, and I-15 north. Judge Ray Dayton ruled that Imperial/Exxon and MDT violated the Montana Environmental Policy Act because they failed to take a 'hard look' at the impacts of constructing turnouts for the transporting of hundreds of megaloads of tar sands equipment bound for Alberta, Canada. fightinggoliath.org/
Critics raise questions about environmental cost of Canadian tar sands product June 28, 2010, 10:18PM
But Tejada, of Air Alliance Houston, found fault with TransCanada's position. He said the tar-sands crude when refined will emit higher levels of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter into the air than conventional oil.
Texan Takes Fight Against Tar Sands Pipeline to Citigroup
At today’s Citigroup annual shareholder meeting, CEO Vikram Pandit was taken to task by David Daniel along with RAN’s own Brant Olson for his company’s financing of TransCanada Corp and its proposed Keystone XL pipeline. If approved, the 1,980-mile pipeline would carry tar sands oil from northern Alberta to Gulf Coast refineries...
As Daniel said just before the shareholder meeting today:
As a landowner in the path of Keystone XL, my family, just as so many others, has experienced trespassing, broken agreements, lies pertaining to payment for damages, lies about permitting, eminent domain abuse, and a complete disregard for our personal safety. TransCanada labels our land and therefore our lives as ‘low consequence’ and has denied any type of informative warning label to landowners. I have no reason to trust TransCanada with the lives of my family. Mr. Pandit needs to hear about the human consequences of financing this dangerous project.
Post by weyland yutani on Aug 9, 2011 14:59:14 GMT -8
Fake Twitter accounts used to promote tar sands pipeline
Oil companies believed to be behind fake accounts by 'SarahMama2', 'droidude7816' and 'JennyJohnson10' in support of planned Keystone XL tar sands pipeline from Alberta to Texas
Friday 5 August 2011 15.27 BST
Someone in the oil industry appears to be resorting to astroturfing to bolster support for the controversial proposed Keystone XL pipeline, which would carry tar sands oil from Alberta down to Texas if approved by the Obama administration. The Rainforest Action Network thinks the American Petroleum Institute and its oil lobby allies are behind a slew of fake Twitter accounts designed to prop up public opinion about the pipeline.
August 8, 2011, 1:21 pm Oil Sands to Raise Emissions, Canadian Report Says Last week the government **notified 776 employees** at Environment Canada that they might be transferred to other departments or laid off. A union representing professional employees said that many of its affected members work on meteorological and climate change issues. green.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/08/08/oil-sands-to-boost-emissions-canadian-report-says/
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Sept 17, 2013 8:24:45 GMT -8
KS Chua: I noticed someone was waiting in the dark for me on my way home tonight. I believe someone is trying to kill me. -kok SeNg chUA
Nov 17, 2013 13:35:49 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: The perps used an acoustic device projecting noise and pretended tobe mafia hitmen and I broke a windshield to get in jail and be safe . I was surgically implanted in New York Long Island's Nassau County jail. Perps hate for you to yell and threaten them.
Dec 13, 2013 18:04:49 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: I have had probes surgically implanted and V2K and nobody helps me because these lowlifes pay everyone off or use counterintelligence to disinform the people who try to help me. The perps are Meriwether from Brunswick, Georgia U.S.A. and a Joe Moody
Dec 13, 2013 18:07:32 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: The money from the torture and murder that these rednecks are getting here in the United States is from the Dept. of Defense's Office off Ssience and Technolgy, the Dept. of Justice Office of Science and Tecnology, the Dept. of Commerce Office of Science
Dec 13, 2013 18:10:43 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: BIuS
Dec 13, 2013 18:11:19 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: dEPT. OF cOMMERCE oFFICE OF sCIENCE AND tECHNOLOGY
Dec 13, 2013 18:12:01 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: Senator Shelby a Republican from Alabama has appropriated Defense spending for victims to be violated inhumanely with probes that itch , burn, shock and some have Global Positioning Systems (GPS)from companies like Positive I.D..
Dec 13, 2013 18:15:47 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: Di HAVE BEEN A v2k VICTIM FOR 23 YEARS AND HAVE TRAVELED THE WORLD WOTH LOWLIFES THAT GET MONEY FOR RESEARCH IN THE FORM OF GRANTS FOLLOWING ME AND TELLING PEOPLE I AM, A COMMUNIST TERRORIST WITH ALQAIDA, HOMOSEXUAL THAT MUTILATES HIMSELF , HITMAN AN MAFIA
Dec 13, 2013 18:18:07 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: The United States Constitution is suppose to protect us citizens but in reality it is not woth the ink that it is written in unless you are a millionaire.
Dec 13, 2013 18:19:23 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: I will visit you the next time I am in England if you can get the V2K out of my head.You all need to form a V2K Victim Security Task Force and post security at the hospital generators , fire alarms, inside and outside the operating and recovery rooms.
Dec 13, 2013 18:22:51 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: In direct conflict with christian ideology I am an advocate of assasinating the doctors and their accomplices that implant victims involuntarily with V2K because I have been tortured for 23 years.
Dec 13, 2013 18:24:23 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: The lowlifes when they travel abroad get help from the U.S. State Dept. with diplomatic passports and they always try to get next to the [police with an offer to train them in neighborhood watch and vehicular surveillance and pursuit.
Dec 13, 2013 18:26:34 GMT -8
Mark Iannicelli: Please check out the book The COINTELPRO PAPERS for an understanding how the F.B.I. conducts counterintelligence operations. Can you help me get the V2K out of my head?
Dec 13, 2013 18:28:11 GMT -8